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A wood stove is typically a steel or a cast iron box lined with firebrick. Wood stoves mostly heat by convection, meaning it heats the air surrounding it, which then moves around the home.
For proper use, wood stoves need to burn wood with a 20% moisture content or less. The “wetter” the wood, the less efficiently it burns and the more creosote will build up. Stove and stack must be cleaned once per year.
Wood stoves are in widespread use across the arctic due to the abundance of wood and the ease of use. They are commonly used as a supplementary or back up system to a boiler.